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Case Study as part of a Web-based Technical and Regulatory Guidance

Site Confidential

1. Site Information
1.1 Contacts
Ionic Waters Technologies
Vance Weems
Telephone: 775-321-8101

Dr. Timothy Tsukamoto
Telephone: 775-321-8101

1.2 Name, Location, and Description
The site name and exact location have not been disclosed at this time; therefore, the case will be herein referred to as “the Site.” The Site was a gold and silver mine located in Idaho with acid mine drainage emanating from waste rock piles. Affected media include soil, sediment, surface water (e.g., stream, rivers, runoff, and drainage), surface pool water (e.g., lakes, ponds, and pools) and groundwater.

2. Remedial Action and Technologies
At the Site, the primary impacts are from acidity, sulfate, and metals (aluminum, cadmium, copper, iron, lead, selenium, and zinc). Reclamation of the site falls under the provisions of the Clean Water Act and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). The primary treatment technology in place at the Site is chemical precipitation.

The quantity of affected water being remediated is up to 70–205 gallons per minute.

Chemical precipitation at the Site includes lime neutralization and aeration and oxidation of reducing metals with the rotating-cylinder treatment system (RCTS) system. Chemical precipitation has been operating as a pilot scale.

Site cleanup goals are based on the mitigation of human health risk and mitigation of ecological risk.

3. Performance
Performance and applicable standards must met Clean Water Act and CERCLA. Performance criteria include measuring the contaminant concentrations in water. At the Site, the RCTS was quickly mobilized, set up, and operated. The system treated impacted water and resulted in lower concentrations of contaminants than the current treatment system on site. Settling times were significantly less than for the current treatment system on site and generated up to 30% less sludge. The RCTS system operated at nearly 100% lime efficiency with limited operation and maintenance.

4. Costs

5. Regulatory Challenges
None encountered; this was only a pilot study.

6. Stakeholder Challenges
No information available.

7. Other Challenges and Lessons Learned
None reported.

8. References
No information available.

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