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Case Study as part of a Web-based Technical and Regulatory Guidance

Abandoned Bituminous Coal Mines
Southeast Ohio

1. Site Information
1.1 Contacts
Mitchell Farley
Ohio State Department of Natural Resources
Telephone: 740-592-3748
E-mail: [email protected]

1.2 Name, Location and Description
Multiple sites in southeast Ohio (Figure 1-1) with abandoned bituminous coal mines produce acidic conditions in surface water streams, pool water, ponds, and lakes. The primary problems in these water sheds are remaining coal process waste in soil and sediment contamination which then produce acidity of the water, releasing primary contaminants of aluminum and iron.

Image-Abandoned Bituminous Coal Mines Figure 1-1
Figure 1-1. Abandoned mine drainage relative to Raccoon Creek, Monday Creek, Sunday Creek,
and Huff Run Creek in Southeast Ohio.

2. Remedial Action and Technologies
The Remedial Actions at these sites and must comply with the Clean Water Act (CWA), the Surface Mining and Reclamation act (SMCRA), and the Ohio Abandoned Mine Land Program. The site cleanup goal is mitigation of ecological risk in the stream environment and is measured using contaminant concentrations in water. Each watershed has its own cleanup levels developed through negotiations between Ohio EPA and the primary consultant in each watershed. Each cleanup concentration is based on the water body’s designated use.

Since this is a description of multiple sites in four separate watershed of the expanse of southeast Ohio, multiple technologies are used:

All have been operated at full scale for years, and there is a long-term right of entry for operation and maintenance of all treatment technologies.

3. Performance
No information reported; however, contaminant concentrations in water are monitored to evaluate the effectiveness of each treatment technology. This case study is reporting on multiple sites throughout southeast Ohio.

4. Costs
Cost of activities at these site are reported as a total:

5. Regulatory Challenges
No information available.

6. Stakeholder Challenges
No information available.

7. Other Challenges and Lessons Learned
No information available.

8. References
Go to for a more thorough description of the Non-Point-Source Project.

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